1 potentially existing but not presently evident or realized; "a latent fingerprint"; "latent talent"
2 not presently active; "latent infection"; "latent diabetes"
EtymologyFrom latet "to lie hidden", from Ancient Greek λανθάνω (lanthano) "to escape notice, to be unknown, to be unseen, to be unnoticed", from λήθη (lethe) "forgetting, forgetfulness".
- Finnish: latentti, piilevä
- French: latent
- German: latent, anhaltend
- Italian: latente
- Swedish: latent, fördröjning
Latent can mean "hidden", "presently inactive" or "potentially existing but not yet realized". In specific contexts, it can mean:
- Latent heat, the amount of energy released or absorbed by a substance during a change of phase
- Latent geologic fault
- Latent medical condition, a condition that is present but not active or causing symptoms.
- Latent bud, in some plants a bud that grows in favourable conditions but remains a bud until such conditions appear.
- Virus latency, the "quiet" or dormant stage of life of a virus, when it does little but maintain its genome, until favourable conditions for the lytic phase appear, when it starts to replicate.
- Latent fingerprint, the identifiable impression made by a finger, which is not immediately available (for example, because it is on a difficult surface such as skin) but can be made available ("developed") using some appropriate technique.
- Latent Recordings, a record label
- Latent variable
Latency can mean:
- Latency (engineering), a time delay between the moment something is initiated and the moment its first effect begins.
- Latency (audio), the time delay in digital audio systems due to analog to digital conversions, processing and conversion back to analog.
- Memory latency and RAM latency, the amount of time a computer needs to wait to get data from RAM.
- Input lag, the latency between using an input device and the result being displayed.
- Communication lag or latency, the time taken for a packet of data to be sent by an application, travel and be received by another application.
- Incubation period, the time between exposure to a pathogenic organism, or chemical or radiation, and when symptoms and signs are first apparent.
- Latency in child sexuality, a psychoanalytic phase, extending from roughly age 7 to 12, during which sexuality is repressed or sublimated (now more commonly called "middle childhood" and "prepubescence").
- Clinical latency
An example of a virus that is Latent in many people for long periods of time is Mononucleosis.
latent in Danish: Latent
latent in German: Latenz
latent in French: Latence
latent in Polish: Latencja
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